The Alliance for Science Ghana in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic has come out to charge the government and Ministry of Food and Agriculture to put measures in place to ensure food security and sustainability throughout the period of the pandemic and to also guard against other possible future events.

COVID-19 has recorded over 290,000 cases and over 12, 000 deaths worldwide. In Ghana there are 24 positive cases with 1 death recorded.

Health expects predict a possible exponential rise in the infection rate and have advised a nationwide lockdown to limit infections.

In a communique issued out by the Alliance for Science Ghana, they called the government and the Ministry of Food and Agriculture to come out with an “Emergency food security preparedness plan” to aid food production, ease food supply and distribution during and after the pandemic.

Alliance for Science is a network of farmers, scientists, communications persons, students and other well-meaning Ghanaians who are working to ensure improved food and environmental security.

They recommended key areas and points they expect the ministry to address to create food sufficiency should the pandemic last longer.

The statement Reads:

Ghana needs a “Covid-19 Emergency Food Security Preparedness Plan”

The world is sitting on the edge now as a result of the spread of the Corona virus (Covid – 19), creating  difficult moments for all countries. Covid-19 has killed more than 14,704 people world over with more  than 339,697 cases recorded. In Ghana, there are 24 cases and 1 death.

As science people, we believe the directives given by the President and measures being taken by the  government as a whole are necessary in fighting the disease. We also commend the government for its  kind attention and investments in the health sector which appears the most important sector in these  times. However, we think it will also be prudent if the state took a look at other important sectors which  would equally play vital roles in these hard times. The agricultural sector stands out in this.

The hard reality facing us all is that Ghana is virtually sitting on a food security time bomb that some  attention needs to be paid to. Ghana has made a lot of progress in ensuring food for all over the last few  years but this virus threatens to erode the massive gains that have been made.

The effect of the recent notice issued by the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) last Friday, directing  closure of all markets in the capital on March 23 for a fumigation exercise has sent us all a clear warning  that our food supply in these difficult times is in trouble.

Markets have recorded higher numbers of people. Unscrupulous traders have unfortunately taken  advantage of the situation and increased the prices of some food items like cereals, vegetables, tuber  crops, fruits and eggs. Buyers appear not to have a choice but to buy at the hiked prices to get enough  to feed themselves and their families. The situation will only get worse if the situation persists.

In these difficult times, Ghanaians need to hear from the Ministry of Food and Agriculture on what it’s  “Covid-19 Emergency Food Security Preparedness Plan” is. This plan should clearly spell out details of;

– The quantum of available food in stock at the Ghana Buffer Stock Company and private warehouses.

– A strategy to release more food into the system based on needs in particular towns at specific points in  time. – A strategy to ensure prices of food do not spiral out of control and to avoid hoarding. They recommended key areas and points they expect the ministry to act on to create food sufficiency should the pandemic last longer

– A strategy to ramp up food production in these times when some farmers are not going out to the  fields to harvest and traders are not transporting products because people are staying home.

– Safety mechanisms to ensure the food supply systems do not become a source of spread for the  Corona virus across the country as food is moved from one point to another.

– A collaborative strategy among the different players in the food security value chain that ensures food  supply does not cut even in times of a potential lock down, and that it would be possible to get food  delivered to the homes of people even if they are forced into quarantine or isolation.

– A strategy on how Ghana will substitute for the more than US$100 million worth of food we import  into the country on monthly basis now that we cannot depend on countries from which we import  major agricultural products such as rice, wheat and poultry.

– A strategy to increase investments in local agriculture, commercial farming and green house set-ups  and operations for increased production, marketing and storage.

– A strategy to enhance postharvest operations and technologies, as well as and storage facilities to  store food for future use.

– A strategy by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture to increase farmer access to planting materials,  fertilisers, farm equipment as well as protective gears.

– A clear policy direction on major agricultural innovations such as genetic engineering and genome editing which has the potential of helping produce crops which are high yielding, early maturing,  drought tolerant, disease and pest resistance, among others for the benefit of Ghanaians.

We need to see action to keep Ghanaians food secure in these times. Let us not forget that food is an  essential component of our daily lives if we can be able to overcome this virus. A good immune system is  the surest bet to recovering in case of an infection and nothing boosts the immune system of human  beings better than a balanced, good and safe food. It is highly possible that food and nutritional related  challenges could cause more illness and deaths in these difficult times than the real virus itself if care is  not taken. The Ministry of Food and Agriculture should act now.