The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has left no corner of the world untouched. Since the first case of the disease was reported in China in December 2019, more than 5.3 million infections have been recorded in about 188 countries and territories with about 350,000 deaths. It has exposed a number of long-hidden crises that have been in plain view but ignored by mankind including challenges like inadequate medical facilities, unequal distribution of income and wealth, fragile supply chains and gender inequality.
COVID-19 has truly reminded us all that no man is an island. Nor is any man truly self-sufficient; everyone must rely on the company and comfort of others in order to thrive and therefore we need to be each other’s keeper. This virus is just not taking lives but has further widened the gap that exists between nations, making poor communities more vulnerable. These vulnerable communities are stuck in abject poverty thereby making it difficult for them to feed their families. According to the United Nations, about 815 million people go to bed hungry. Sub-Saharan Africa is still recording the highest prevalence of undernourished people and nearly 1 out of 4 people are estimated to be hungry.
COVID-19 has helped refocus our minds on what is really important to human survival; clothing, shelter, health, food, and the need to ensure equality. Just like the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic which took about 50 million lives led to the creation of a favorable environment for the comprehensive equal right amendment to help women take up roles exclusive to men, a century later, this pandemic is giving us the opportunity to recalibrate gender lopsidedness. For instance, I believe that by ensuing equality measures for women in the Africa agricultural sector, we will have empowered not only the labour force and created a viable economic system, but we would also have strengthened the food system to provide healthy nutrition to boost immunity needed to fight the coronavirus. Definitely the systemic gain of this process will make our supply chain more robust even post Covid-19. To buttress this let’s look more in-depth at the African scenario.
In Africa, about 60-80% of women are involved in farming at the primary level. The majority of women farmers are considered to be highly vulnerable as they continue to live in extreme poverty and cannot afford three square meals a day. 70% of the food eaten on the African continent is grown by women farmers according to the World Bank. Women farmers tend to be the primary caregivers to their families. This makes it more important for them to be empowered with emerging technologies to scale up production in order to help eradicate hunger on the African continent and make it the world’s food basket.
Access to emerging technologies such as biotechnology assures them of increasing yields and high income. With an increase in income, women can afford to own land for farming and acquire machinery or tools to scale up production. By equipping women, they will have options available to make decisions that not just affect them but boost the African economy. I believe this will help bridge the inequality gap and save developed nations the burden of sending aid to Africa as this will help put the continent at par with the West in terms of socio-economic development.
This is especially critical now that Africa is making important strides towards authorizing genetically modified (GM) crop varieties for use by farmers even though I must admit that the continent still needs to quicken the process of getting these innovations on to the market to salvage its hunger crisis.
It is therefore imperative to use this opportunity (COVID-19 pandemic) to amend fragile systems that pave way for not just emerging technologies to be adapted or women to be aptly empowered, but to strengthen ailing supply chains as well as health frameworks, rework the dynamics of inequality and carter for the most vulnerable. Doing these will enable our world to function better.
So, is COVID-19 a blessing or a curse to the African continent and more so to the rest of the world? My answer is simple: It’s all about perspective. In spite of the pain that the pandemic has caused, we can still make lemonade from these precarious times. So, let’s make it count.
By: Slyvia Tetteh
Image credit: Agrifocusafrica.com
This article was first published on the Alliance for Science blog on June 2,2020.